Guadeloupe is an archipelago located in the
eastern Caribbean Sea, location 16°15′N 61°35′W / 16.25°N 61.583°W / 16.25; -61.583, with a land
area of 1,628 square kilometers (629 sq. mi It is an overseas department of France.
As with the other overseas departments, Guadeloupe is also one of the twenty-six regions of France
(being an overseas region) and an integral part of the Republic. As part of France, Guadeloupe is part of the European Union; hence, as for
most EU countries, its currency is the euro. Guadeloupe does not fall under the Schengen Agreement. The
prefecture of Guadeloupe is Basse-Terre.
History of Guadeloupe
During his second trip to America, seeking fresh water in November 1493, Christopher Columbus
became the first European to land on Guadeloupe. He
called it Santa María de Guadeloupe de Extremadura,
after the image of the Virgin Mary venerated at the Spanish monastery of Villuercas, in Guadeloupe, Extremadura. The expedition set ashore just
south of Capesterre but did not leave any settlers ashore.
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